What is a Blood Clot?
A blood clot is a jelly-like mass of blood. Blood clots can form in different parts of your body, including the veins and arteries, or in the lungs, heart, brain, arms, legs or abdomen.
Blood clots form naturally when you are cut or injured to stop the bleeding. This type of clot usually dissolves on its own after healing.
Sometimes clots form inside your blood vessels for no reason, can be hard to detect and can lead to serious health issues.
Types of Blood Clot
- Arterial Clots
- Venuous Clots
- Superficial Venous Thrombosis
- Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
- Pulmonary Embolism (PE)
Blood clots are split into two main categories:
- Thrombus A thrombosis clot is normally stationary and can block blood flow.
- Embolus Embolisms are blood clots that have broken free, they’re dangerous because they can travel to other parts of the body
Aside from the two main categories of Thrombus and Embolus clots, blood clots can also be categorized by where they form in the body.
Know Your Risk – Downloadable Fact Sheet
Arteries are blood vessels that carry blood away from your heart.
Arterial clots can block blood and oxygen from reaching your vital organs. If left undetected and untreated they can cause tissue damage.
Arterial clots can form in a number of places around the body but are more common in the legs and feet. Sometimes, they happen in your brain or heart, and can cause a stroke or heart attack.
Arterial Clot Symptoms
As the clot grows and blocks more blood flow, the following symptoms may occur:
- Loss of color in the affected limb
- Cold arm or leg
- Numbness or tingling in your arm or leg
- Weakness of the affected limb
- Fingers or hands that feel cool to the touch
- Muscle pain or spasm
Venous Clots form in the veins and are usually slow to develop. Often they are not noticed until problems start to occur.
Not all Venous Clots are the same and they can be split into three types:
Superficial venous thrombosis
Superficial venous thrombosis is the name Doctors give to a blood clot that forms in a vein located close to the skin’s surface. While they are painful and need treatment, these clots don’t normally break loose or travel through the body.
If your vein is near your skin’s surface (superficial venous thrombosis), these may include:
- A vein that feels hard or painfully tender to the touch
- Painful, swollen, inflamed skin over the vein
- Red skin over the affected vein
DVT is the name for a blood clot that forms in a major vein, located deeper in your body and not near the surface. DVT usually occurs in your lower leg, thigh, or pelvis, and can also form in other parts of your body, like your kidney, arm, brain, liver or intestines.
DVT symptoms include:
- Swollen leg
- Cramping pain in the leg or calf
- Aching, heavy feeling in the leg
- Warm or red skin
This is a medical emergency and you need to see your doctor right away if you notice DVT symptoms.
A Pulmonary embolism is a DVT that breaks off and travels up your leg to your lungs, where it gets stuck. It can be fatal and needs to be treated as a medical emergency.
Any DVT left untreated can turn into a pulmonary embolism. This needs immediate medical treatment. Call 911 if you have pain, swelling, or tenderness in your leg, and:
- You have pain in your chest
- You can’t breathe normally
who have had blood clots
ABBY PROHASKA – NOTRE DAME GUARD – NOVEMBER 2019
DAVID ANDREWS – NEW ENGLAND PATRIOTS – AUGUST 2019
SERENA WILLIAMS – TENNIS – 2011 AND 2017
CHRIS BOSH – MIAMI HEAT FORWARD – 2015
JEROME KERSEY – PORTLAND TRAIL BLAZER – 2015
ADAM MCQUAID – BOSTON BRUINS DEFENSEMEN – 2012
BRIAN VICKERS – NASCAR SUPERSTAR – 2010
JOEY SINDELAR – PRO GOLFER – 2009
DERRICK THOMAS – KANSAS CITY CHIEFS LINEBACKER – 2000
HARRY AGGANIS – BOSTON RED SOX FIRST BASEMAN AND COLLEGE FOOTBALL STAR – 1955
DUANE CHAPMAN – DOG THE BOUNTY HUNTER – REALITY TV STAR – 2019
JOHN MCCAIN – UNITED STATES SENATOR – 2017
GARY SHANDLING – COMEDIAN – 2016
NENE LEAKES – THE REAL HOUSEWIVES OF ATLANTA STAR – 2013
DENNIS FARINA – ACTOR – 2013
NICK CANNON – ENTERTAINER – 2012
HILLARY CLINTON – 2012
JON LORD – ENGLISH COMPOSER, PIANIST AND HAMMON ORGAN PLAYER – 2012
HEAVY D – HIP HOP MUSICIAN – 2011
DAVID BLOOM – JOURNALIST AND TODAY SHOW CO-ANCHOR 2003
ZSA ZSA GABOR – ACTRESS – 2010
REGIS PHILBIN – FORMER LIVE REGIS AND KELLY CO-HOST – 2010
DICK CHENEY – FORMER VICE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES – 2007
JUNE ALLYSON – AMERICAN STAGE, FILM AND TV ACRESS, DANCER AND SINGER – 2006
GERRY STUDDS – AMERICAN DEMOCRATIC CONGRESSMAN FROM MA – 2006
BERBARD GALLER – AMERICAN MATHEMATICIAN AND COMPUTER SCIENTIST – 2006
LAURANCE ROCKEFELLER – AMERICAN PHILANTHROPIST, BUSINESSMAN, FINANCIER AND MAJOR CONSERVATIONIST – 2004
FRANCOISE SAGAN (QUOIREZ) – FRENCH PLAYWRIGHT, NOVELIST AND SCREENWRITER – 2004
HUBERT SELBY JR – 20TH CENTURY AMERICAN WRITER – 2004
GORDON JUMP – AMERICAN ACTOR – 2003
JOHN CONNALLY – AMERICAN POLITICIAN – 1993
JIMMY STEWART – AMERICAN FILM AN STAGE ACTOR – 1997
FRANK COE – US GOVERNMENT OFFICIAL – 1980
JOHN CROMWELL – AMERICAN FILM ACTOR, DIRECTOR PRODUCER – 1979
TOTIE FIELDS – AMERICAN COMEDIENNE – 1978
JACK RUBY – NIGHTCLUB OPERATOR IN DALLAS, TX – 1967
MARIO LANZA – AMERICAN TENOR, SINGER, ACTOR AND HOLLYWOOD MOVIE STAR – 1959
FRIDA KAHLO – MEXICAN PAINTER – 1957